Architect: Gutiérrez-delaFuente Arquitectos, Nexo Arquitectura, and Andrés Perea Arquitecto
Completion Day: September, 2022
The initial stage of the new house for the Metro de Madrid, the Centro Integral del Transporte (CIT), has been completed with just about zero-emission constructing standing. Built by a staff of architects from Gutiérrez-delaFuente Arquitectos, Nexo Arquitectura, and Andrés Perea Arquitecto, the CIT signifies the 1st phase of a more substantial redevelopment task in the city’s Chamartín community. Rising 196 feet (60 meters) and masking 247,569 square toes (23,000 square meters), the constructing wrapped in black prefabricated concrete fins will quickly be residence to 1,100 workforce.
The masterplan will url the web site, a former educate depot for Metro Line 1, with its bordering streets, presenting a central public house in the vicinity of the Plaza Castilla. The sophisticated is positioned promptly west of the city’s properly-recognised Gates of Europe towers, made by Philip Johnson and John Burgee. When accomplished it will contain a significant backyard garden, Museum of Transport, and creating for the Regional Transport Consortium, in addition to the CIT. Elements of the former depot’s industrial architecture have been reflected in the new design and style, such as a truss method in the park abstracted from the depot’s roof form, and the CIT’s mechanical doors, metallic staircases, and exterior fins. The garden, made by Batlleiroig, will element indigenous plantings.
The CIT’s facade is wrapped in 483 black-coated, prefabricated concrete fins vertically-arranyed across its faces to develop a uniform search previously mentioned the glazed podium base. The podium sits guiding a collection of uncovered truss-like bifurcated columns, whose canary-yellow colour is observed all through the city’s metro process. The facade emphasizes the geometrically-clear massing of the making, which is structured by a mixture of rectangular prisms, and sloped roofs, with mast-like styles that have been abstracted from the roof of the primary depot.
From the east, the sloped roof defines a slim profile for the framework, but from the south, the length of the constructing is emphasized as two flat-fronted packing containers. Even though the alternating extensive-and-narrow profiles include a dynamism to the creating dependent upon vantage point, the facade’s uniformity generates a persistently-branded experience of the new headquarters.
In purchase to accomplish environmental targets, things to consider around electricity and substance use considerably formed the building’s framework and facade structure. By shifting the excess weight to exterior pillars, this opened the floorplates for the desired inside office structure, but also authorized for prefabricated construction resources that lessened structural weight and product squander. The black fins had been placed every 26 ft (eight meters) apart on the floor level, and 6 ft (two meters) aside on higher stages. This will mitigate photo voltaic obtain inside the interior, reducing the building’s all round energy intake.
More solar scientific tests on the shading of current buildings were carried out to optimize the CIT’s facade style. On upper flooring, the outer layer of the double-glazing presents solar mitigation, although the inside layer offers acoustic insulation. On the east- and west-facing facades of the higher floors, folded aluminum cladding was utilized, with glazing positioned to further more mitigate energy decline. A technique of 56 geothermal wells and 512 photovoltaic panels round-out contributions to the building’s renewable electricity objectives.